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Introduction to Delhi

New Delhi, city, northern India. The country’s capital city, New Delhi is located in the state of Delhi, on the Yamuna River. New Delhi was built between 1912 and 1929 on a site adjacent to Delhi, or Old Delhi, which had been chosen to replace Calcutta as the capital of India in 1911; New Delhi was inaugurated as the new capital in 1931. Predominantly an administrative center, the city also has textile mills, printing plants, and small manufacturing establishments.

The streets of New Delhi are laid out symmetrically, according to the city plan drawn by the English architect Sir Edwin Landseer Lutyens. Lutyens also designed the majestic red sandstone and marble Rashtrapati Bhawan, formerly the palace of the viceroy and now the residence of the president, which is in the center of the city, as are parliament and other important government buildings. The architecture of these buildings is mainly European, with details of indigenous Indian styles. Another building that combines Indian and Western styles is the United States embassy designed by the American architect Edward Durell Stone. The Raj Path, a wide boulevard bordered by trees and canals, runs east from the palace to a war memorial arch. The streets of the commercial center, Connaught Place, northeast of the palace, are laid out in a radial pattern.